Burst Optical Observer and Transient Exploring System    

( A world wide Network of Robotic Telescopes )

SN2014J - supernova en M82The nearest type Ia supernova in 400 years has been found in the Messier 82 (M82) galaxy. First spotted on 21 January 2014, it is relatively close to Earth, about 11.4 million light years away! The BOOTES-2/TELMA image shown here (courtesy of M. Jelinek) was the result of 74 integrations 10-s each (unfiltered) taken close to maximum light, on 30 Jan 2014.

This supernova is called SN2014J (the 10th supernova discovered so far during 2014), and is a rare kind. “Type Ia” supernovae (SNe) are believed to be caused by exploding white dwarf stars. These SNe explode with very predictable brightnesses, making them ideal ‘standard candles’ to measure distances to galaxies accurately.

Now that it has reached maximum brightness, the BOOTES network will keep monitoring the SN2014J light-curve (along with other supernovae) for the next few months as part of the regular program conducted by some of the users. Indeed, many astronomical observatories worldwide (including space-borne facilities) will point to this unique target regularly over the coming weeks.


BOOTES: Burst Optical Observer and Transient Exploring System   

( A world wide Network of Robotic Telescopes )

The Burst Observer and Optical Transient Exploring System (BOOTES), started in 1998 as a Spanish-Czech collaboration devoted to study optical emissions from gamma ray bursts (GRBs) that ocurr in the Universe.

The first two BOOTES stations were located in Spain and included medium size robotic telescopes with CCD cameras at the Cassegrain focus as well as all-sky cameras, with both stations located at 240 km each other. The first observing station (BOOTES-1) is located at ESAt (INTA-CEDEA) in Mazagón (Huelva) and the first light was obtained in July 1998. The second observing station (BOOTES-2) is located at La Mayora (CSIC) in Málaga and are fully operating since July 2001. In 2009 BOOTES expanded abroad, with the third station (BOOTES-3) being installed in Blenheim (South Island, New Zealand) as result of a collaboration with several institutions from the southern country. The fourth one (BOOTES-4) was deployed in 2012 at the Lijiang Astronomical Observatory (Kunming, China). The fifth one (BOOTES-5) was opened in 2015 at San Pedro Mártir Observatory (Baja California, México).

Bootes Logo


The BOOTES Collaboration:

Alberto J. Castro-Tirado1,2, Emilio J. Fernández García1, You-Dong Hu1, Irene M. Carrasco3,  Carlos Pérez del Pulgar2, Alberto Castellón4, Petr Kubánek5, Sergey Guziy6, Oscar Lara-Gil, Bin-Bin Zhang7, Alfonso García-Cerezo2, Víctor F. Muñoz2, Antonio Reina2, Sebastián Castillo-Carrión8, José M. Castro Cerón9, René Hudec3,9, María D. Caballero-García3,10, José A. Adame11, Francisco Rendón1,11, Tomás de J. Mateo Sanguino12, Rafael Fernández-Muñoz13, Phil C. Yock14, Nicholas Rattenbury14, William H. Allen15, Richard Querel16 , Soomin Jeong17 Il H. Park17, Jiming Bai18Chenzou Cui19, Yufeng Fan18, Chuanjun Wang18, David Hiriart20, William H. Lee21, Antonio Claret1, Shashi B. Pandey22 and Lola Sabau-Graziati23

{1} Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), P.O. Box 03004, E-18080 Granada, Spain

{2} Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas y Automática, Escuela de Ingenierías, Universidad de Málaga, Unidad Asociada al CSIC, Dr. Pedro Ortiz Ramos, 29071 Málaga, Spain

{3} Departamento de Física Aplicada, Univ. de Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain

{4} Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga, Bulevard Louis Pasteur, 29010 Málaga, Spain

{5} LSST, Texas, USA

{6} Nikolaev National University, Nikolska str. 24, 54030 Nikolaev, Ukraine                                                                                                                 

{7} Nanjing University, Nanjing, China                                                                                                                                                                             

{8} Enseñanza Virtual y Laboratorios Tecnológicos, Universidad de Málaga, Jiménez Fraud 10, 29071 Málaga, Spain                                                                                                      

{9} European Space Astronomy Centre (ESA-ESAC), 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada (Madrid), Spain

{10} Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences, Bocní II 1401, CZ-14100 Praha 4, Czech Republic

{11} Estación de Sondeos Atmosféricos (ESAt) de El Arenosillo (CEDEA-INTA), 21130 Mazagón, Huelva, Spain

{12} Departamento de Ingeniería Electrónica, Sistemas Informáticos y Automática, Universidad de Huelva, E.P.S. de La Rábida 21819 Palos de la Frontera (Huelva), Spain

{13} Instituto de Hortofruticultura Subtropical y Mediterránea La Mayora (IHSM/UMA-CSIC), 29750 Algarrobo Costa (Málaga), Spain

{14} Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, New Zealand

{15} Vintage Lane Observatory, RD3, 7273 Blenheim, New Zealand

{16} National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Lauder, New Zealand

{17} Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), Suwon, Korea

{18} Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, CAS Kunming 650011, Yunnan, China

{19} National Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China

{20} Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 22800 Ensenada, Baja California, México

{21} Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo Postal 70-264, Cd. Universitaria, 04510 México DF, M\éxico

{22} Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, Manora Peak, Nainital - 263 002, India

{23} División de Ciencias del Espacio, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aerospacial (INTA), 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz (Madrid), Spain


The BOOTES Former Collaborators:

Show Former Collaborators